Francisco Antonio Villalobos Adán
Miles/kms to Minneapolis:
Often referred to as Mexico's "City of Eternal Spring", Cuernavaca is a destination prized by tourists for its warm and stable climate. It is located in Mexico's south-central region state, Morelos. The city came to be as a result of an Aztec emperor's (Acamapichtli's) victory, around 1396, over the ruler of the region called 'Tlalnahuatl' in the area south of the Valley of Mexico. Subsequently, the area was then renamed 'Cuauhnahuac', in the Aztec (Nahuatl) language. It is believed that the union of the emperor and a princess of the conquered Tlalnahuatl people resulted in the birth of Montezuma I, the fifth emperor and unifier of all Aztec peoples. Through the 1400s, as the Aztec empire expanded under Montezuma I, Cuernavaca grew in size and strength, subsuming other peoples of the province intro the empire. Then, around 1520, Cortes brought the Spanish to the city, conquering the Aztecs and founding plantations on the fertile surrounding land. In 1526, Cortes built a great palace for his wife in the city, though eventually Cortes moved his family to Altacomulco, the palace remains in Cuernavaca to this day. With the arrival of the Franciscans and founding of their monastery in 1529, the Spanish presence and expansion began. By 1786, the development and reorganizing of "New Spain" resulted in a system of 12 Mexican provinces wherein Cuernavaca became ancillary to Mexico City. It was the war for Mexican Independence (1810-1821) and the signing of the Mexican Constitution in 1824 that led to independence for the state of Morelos and Cuernavaca, as well. And in 1833 the Mexican government declared the Palace of Cortes property of the people.
Independence from Spanish rule, however, was only the beginning of a long struggle to be free. During the Mexican American War (1846-1848), Cuernavaca saw its leadership in Mexico City replaced by a junta who voted in a new president. Then, in 1856, under president Alvarez, Cuernavaca was declared separate from Mexico City. Unfortunately for the city, the result was that during the Franco-Mexican Intervention of 1861, Cuernavaca fell to French control. This governmental arraignment lasted until 1867 when the French-installed ruler fell as fighting broke out between the residents of Cuernavaca and the Mexican Republican army out of Mexico City.
In the end, by 1869, Morelos was designated as its own state within Mexico and Cuernavaca its capital. Thus began the establishment and development of Cuernavaca as the city we know today. The banks, schools, and hotels that were built from this period on now form this hub for tourism and business.
The primary economic activities in Cuernavaca focus on manufacturing. Some of these products include: foods, pharmaceuticals, clothing, textiles, and automobiles. Secondary sources of growth involve service oriented endeavors and agriculture. Sugar is still a large sector of the farming of these climes, in addition to corn, cotton, beans, and tropical fruit grown on orchards.